Remote Desktop Services (RDS) Configuration Guide for Remote Desktop and RemoteApp

Richard Support -

Overview

This document provides an overview of Windows Remote Desktop Services (RDS) configurations. It is a collection of reference material for Windows systems administrators looking to publish desktops and applications using RDP.

†  Workspot Requirement:  Availability of RDP using Workspot requires that "Allow connections from computers running any version of Remote Desktop" be selected in the Remote Connection Settings.

Remoting Desktops and Applications

The following subjects are covered when using Windows Remote Desktop Services (RDS) for remoting:

  • Configuring Remote Desktop Access on Windows 7, Windows 8.1 Pro1, Windows Server 2008R2 and Windows Server 2012R2
  • Publishing RemoteApp on Windows Server 2008R2
  • Publishing RemoteApp on Windows Server 2012R2
  • Connect to another computer using Remote Desktop Connection [Testing RDP]
  • Additional Resources

Prerequisites

  • Windows Server 2008 R2 or Windows Server 2012 R2 for RemoteApp.
  • Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 7 (32 bit and 64 bit), Windows 8.1 Pro1 (32 bit and 64 bit) for Remote Desktop.

[1] Note: “Allow connections from computers running any version of Remote Desktop” is available ONLY in Windows 8.1 Pro.


Configuring Remote Desktop Access on Windows 7, Windows 8.1 Pro1, Windows 2008R2 and Windows 2012R2

See http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/ff404238.aspx for more information when using Windows 7 and Windows 2008R2.

See http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/remote-desktop-connection-faq#1TC=windows-8 and/or https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VKUcU4KBb8s for more information when using Windows 8.1 Pro1 and/or Windows Server 2012R2.

Remote Desktop is not enabled by default on Windows. The feature must be enabled to allow remote access to a workstation or server. Once enabled, any member of the Administrators group can connect to a desktop. Other users must be placed on a remote access list to gain access. To configure remote access, follow these steps:

For Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008R2:

  1. In Control Panel, click System and Security, and then click System.

For Windows 8.1 Pro and Windows Server 2012R2:

  1. Start at the Start Screen, and type in the word “remote”.
  2. From the options provided as a result of the search, select “Allow remote access to your computer”. This opens the System Properties dialog box to the Remote tab.

Then follow these steps:

  1. On the System page, click Remote Settings in the left pane. This opens the System Properties dialog box to the Remote tab. To disable Remote Desktop, select “Don’t Allow Connections To This Computer”, and then click OK. Skip the remaining steps.
  2. To enable Remote Desktop, you have two options. You can:2
    • Select “Allow Connections From Computers Running Any Version Of Remote Desktop” to allow connections from any version of Windows.
    • Select “Allow Connections Only From Computers Running Remote Desktop With Network Level Authentication” to allow connections only from Windows 7 or later computers (and computers with secure network authentication).
  3. Click Select Users. This displays the Remote Desktop Users dialog box.
  4. To grant Remote Desktop access to a user, click Add. This opens the Select Users dialog box. In the Select Users dialog box, click Locations to select the computer or domain in which the users you want to work with are located. Type the name of a user you want to work with in the Enter The Object Names To Select field, and then click Check Names. If matches are found, select the account you want to use and then click OK. If no matches are found, update the name you entered and try searching again. Repeat this step as necessary, and then click OK.
  5. To revoke remote access permissions for a user account, select the account and then click Remove.
  6. Click OK twice when you have finished.

[2] Note: Remote Connection Settings (System Properties for Remote Settings) set to “Allow connections from computers running any version of Remote Desktop” is less secure.


Publishing RemoteApp on Windows Server 2008R2

http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc755261.aspx

To make remote apps accessible, the program must be added to the RemoteApp Program list using the RemoteApp Manager.

RemoteApp Manager Figure


Publishing RemoteApp on Windows Server 2012R2

http://blogs.technet.com/b/yungchou/archive/2013/02/07/remote-desktop-services-rds-quick-start-deployment-for-remoteapp-windows-server-2012-style.aspx

RemoteApps are published using Remote Desktop Services running Windows 2012 R2. As shown below, RemoteApps are usually grouped in “Collections” to allow for various user privileges to be applied efficiently.

Notice that the RDS plug-in of Server Manager replaces the following UI in Windows Server 2008 releases:

  • Remote Desktop Services Manager, or tsadmin
  • Remote Desktop Services Configuration, or tsconfig
  • Remote Desktop Connection Manager, i.e. Remote Desktop Collection Broker (RDCB) UI
  • RemoteApp Manager

Remote DesktopServices Collections [of Remote Apps] Figure

Once the application is published, it may be verified using the Remote Desktop Web Access (RD Web Access).

For example, https://remoteapps.workspot.com/RDWeb/, is a possible URL for Remote Desktop Web Access (RD Web Access), formerly Terminal Services Web Access (TS Web Access). This enables users to access RemoteApp and Desktop Connection through the Start menu on a computer that is running Windows 7 or through a Web browser. It also provides IT with a good place to test RemoteApp behavior.

RemoteApp Web Access Figure

See http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc731923.aspx.


Connect to another computer using Remote Desktop Connection [Testing RDP]

http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/connect-using-remote-desktop-connection#connect-using-remote-desktop-connection=windows-7

To connect to a remote computer, that computer must be turned on, it must have a network connection, Remote Desktop must be enabled, you must have network access to the remote computer (this could be through the Internet), and you must have permission to connect. For permission to connect, you must be on the list of users. (See previous explanations above.) Before you start a connection, it's a good idea to look up the name of the computer you're connecting to and to make sure Remote Desktop connections are allowed through its firewall.


Additional Resources

Configuring Remote Desktop Access on Windows 7
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/ff404238.aspx
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows7/products/features/remote-desktop-connection

Configuring Remote Desktop Access on Windows 8.1 Pro1
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/remote-desktop-connection-faq#1TC=windows-8
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VKUcU4KBb8s

Accessing Remote Desktops, Windows Desktops and Servers (Testing RDP)
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/connect-using-remote-desktop-connection#connect-using-remote-desktop-connection=windows-7

Configuring RemoteApps on Windows Server 2008R2
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc755261.aspx
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2H9SDNFRj00

Configuring RemoteApps on Windows 2012R2
http://blogs.technet.com/b/yungchou/archive/2013/02/07/remote-desktop-services-rds-quick-start-deployment-for-remoteapp-windows-server-2012-style.aspx

Other RDP and VDI Configuration Resources

Connect to another computer using Remote Desktop Connection
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/connect-using-remote-desktop-connection#connect-using-remote-desktop-connection=windows-7

Remote Desktop Services publishing solution guide
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd861391.aspx

[3] Note: Windows Firewall must be configured to allow inbound Remote Desktop exceptions. You can configure this on a per-computer basis in Windows Firewall for the domain profile and the standard profile. In Group Policy, you can configure this exception and manage Remote Desktop by using specified policy settings. These settings are found in the Administrative Templates policies for Computer Configuration under the relevant path.

Publishing Remote Desktop Services
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd857295.aspx
http://msfreaks.wordpress.com/2013/12/09/windows-2012-r2-remote-desktop-services-part-1/

Windows Remote Assistance: frequently asked questions
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/remote-desktop-connection-faq#1TC=windows-8
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VKUcU4KBb8s

Windows 8.1 Update - Remote Desktop missing from Remote Tab
https://forums.lenovo.com/t5/Windows-8-and-8-1/Windows-8-1-Update-Remote-Desktop-missing-from-Remote-Tab/td-p/1312239

Configure an RD Session Host Server to Join a Farm in RD Connection Broker
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc771383.aspx

Remote Desktop Services Overview
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh831447.aspx


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